Collies originated in the border area of Scotland and Northern England. The agricultural revolution of the mid-eighteenth century gave rise to selective breeding of domestic animals. Among other shepard-type dogs, two varieites of collies evolved: the rough and the smooth-coated collie. Collies were used for herding and then later as companions and show dogs. The rough collie specialized in sheep, while the smooth collie was used mostly for cattle. The early collies were smaller than the modern ones that began to emerge around 1886.
Many of the early collies were black and white.
To be continued!